1445 CE Ospedale degli Innocenti (Hospital of the Innocents)

Year: 1445 CE

Location: Florence, Italy

Architect: Brunelleschi

Purpose: Hospital

Geometric analysis


Designed by Filippo Brunelleschi, the Ospedale degli Innocenti has served as an orphanage and hospital for children. It is most photographed for the courtyards and cloisters which show Brunelleshi’s attention to geometry. As seen in the façade, each archway is constructed around a square and a circle that has the same diameter of the side of the square.

The plan shows the other courtyards and the continuation of squares that can be found throughout the shared spaces of the building.


Reference list

Luscombe, D,  2016, ‘11212 Architectural History And Theory: Orientations lecture series’,  UTS, Sydney

Museumsinflorence.com 2016, Ospedale degli Innocenti – Florence, Viewed 8 May 2016,